Gum disease is an infection of tissues that hold your teeth in place. It can be caused by poor oral hygiene as well as misaligned teeth and bad habits such as smoking. Some signs of gum disease include red, swollen, tender gums that may bleed when you brush. Another signs of gum disease is gums that have receded or pulled away from teeth making your teeth look longer.
Untreated gum disease can eventually lead to tooth loss and other health problems.
Prophy Cleaning can clean 1 mm-2 mm below the gum line.
Deep Cleaning ( Scaling and Root planning) can clean 3 mm-5 mm below the gum line.
Gum Surgery can clean 6mm and more below the gum line.
Traditional Gum Surgery involves scalpel to peel back gum tissues for better visibility and access to the periodontal pocket for cleaning. The doctor will then cut down and suture gums to decrease pocket depth. Once the pockets have been cut down, bone or tissue grafting may be used to re attach the gum to the tooth’s root surface.
Laser Gum Surgery (LANAP) does not require the cutting of the gums or suturing. It uses selective laser energy to remove bad tissue and bacteria leaving healthy tissue unaffected. This makes the procedure minimally invasive and less painful. Regeneration of Tissue continues after the procedure is complete.